Last Updated on November 28, 2022 by Faiza Murtaza
We have all heard about diabetes, however, few people understand the complete and profound impact that it has on the body.
Essentially, in this condition, the body does not produce enough or any insulin. It then leads to blood sugar levels running amok in the blood, as it cannot be converted to storable form as is the norm.
There are two types of diabetes; type 1 and 2. The former is also referred to as early onset, and the latter is the late on-set disease.
When not regulated, diabetes leads to extreme damage around the body. Therefore, those with diabetes must manage their disease with the help of the Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Islamabad.
Impact of diabetes on the body
Diabetes is not a condition unto itself, but a harbinger of diseases, especially when not moderated. The impact it has on various organs in the body include:
Keeping the brain healthy is an important task, as the brain cells do not rejuvenate. Diabetes, on the other hand, can cause harm to the brain. Alongside changing the brain structure, it can also impair memory as well; diabetics are more likely to develop dementia.
Furthermore, diabetes also affects the grey matter, thereby causing a decrease in the functionality of the brain.
People who have diabetes are also more likely to suffer from stroke due to the damage to the blood vessels. Strokes occur when a part of the brain is deprived of oxygen, and thus endures damage. Once the cells are dead, they cannot be revived. From death to debilitation, the impact of stroke is grave.
Not even your eyes are free from the impact of uncontrolled diabetes. When the blood sugar level runs high, it leads to blurring of the vision. Moreover, when the blood vessels that supply blood to the eyes are damaged due to constantly high BSL, it can also then lead to diabetic retinopathy. It can then lead to diabetic macular edema. Similarly, diabetes can also cause glaucoma as well.
In extreme cases, uncontrolled diabetes can also cause blindness as well.
Kidneys play an important role in the purification of the blood. They removed waste and extra fluid from the body. When there is so much sugar in the blood, then kidneys have to work harder to remove it from the body.
Uncontrolled diabetes leads to damage to the blood vessels that supply blood to the kidneys. Therefore, their functionality is then jeopardized, and thus the process of cleaning is then hampered as well. This condition is known as diabetic nephropathy. Consequently, the entire body suffers.
Moreover, if not controlled in time and not treated, it can also lead to kidney failure, that also can be fatal.
Pancreas are responsible for the production of insulin, death of which is the part of the problem. Diabetes can also lead to the increased risk of pancreatic cancer.
Diabetes also involves the skin. Having perpetually high blood sugar levels, as is characteristic of uncontrolled or undiagnosed diabetes can lead to poor circulation. It then naturally does not have good implications for skin.
Moreover, it also leads to problems like diabetic dermopathy, which is the presence of lesions on the skin. Likewise, diabetic blisters and eruptive xanthomatosis are also caused by diabetes.
Heart is affected by various factors, including our diet and lifestyle choices. However, diabetes can also put its wellbeing into jeopardy. It leads to cardiovascular problems, which includes diseases and conditions like stroke, heart disease etc.
Furthermore, diabetes also increases the risk of plaque formation in the arteries, which then not only damages the arteries, but also leads to serious issues like heart attack.
If you have diabetes and have had a history of heart problems, then you should consult the Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Karachi for keeping your health in check.